What is a Gluten-free diet?


What is a gluten-free diet and how does it work?

Several people follow a gluten-free diet for a variety of reasons like sensitivity to gluten, suffering from celiac disease or personal reasons. Gluten-free diets involve avoiding foods contains wheat, barley and rye. Gluten is a type of protein, found in grains like wheat, barley and rye. Most of the common foods such as pasta, bread, several processed foods and some sauces are prepared from the flour of these grains.

Who requires a Gluten-free diet?

A gluten-free diet is highly recommended for people who are suffering from celiac disease. In these patients, the lining of their intestine actually gets damaged by eating gluten. Due to the damage of the intestinal lining, absorption of food is affected and it causes iron deficiency, diarrhoea, weight loss and general weakness. Among children, it is observed that a gluten-free diet helps reduce symptoms of allergy.

Type of foods containing gluten

Sometimes, it becomes quite a problem to recognize food by name only for its gluten contents. A gluten-free diet is different from a wheat-free diet which includes avoiding foods prepared from wheat only but can consume foods contain barley and rye. Apart from wheat, barley and rye, some people also avoid oats because it also contains a protein similar to gluten. However, several other people with the same disease do not face any problem by eating oats. Some other foods may also contain gluten but less obvious sources such as starches, crumbs, soy sauce, canned and frozen vegetables, flavoured tunas, frozen dinners, meat pies, soups, malted milk, salad dressing, pickles and mustards.

It is better to eat fresh and non-frozen fruits and vegetables without sauces as part of a gluten-free diet. There are several food manufacturers who are making gluten-free foods.

How a gluten-free diet works?

Gluten intolerance is best managed with a gluten-free diet only. As mentioned above, gluten, a protein damages the intestinal lining and exacerbates it. A diet that contains no gluten let the small intestine to heal it. As the condition improves, the small intestine can absorb the normal nutrients as it allows the waste to pass through it.

Efforts for gluten-free Diet

It is not at all easy to go on a gluten-free diet and eliminate gluten. People who do so accept it for medical reasons only. It requires lots of diligence to see that gluten does not sneak into your diet. You need to find out alternatives for gluten foods such as gluten-filled equivalents. You can also get gluten-free flour to bake with.

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